Today In History - Monday, September 1st

2006


Luxembourg became the first country to complete the move to all digital television broadcasting.
2005


Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
2004


Beslan school hostage crisis: Day 1: The Beslan School hostage crisis commences when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia. The crisis would go on to last for another two days, ending on September 3.
1991


Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union
1990


The Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist is founded, following a split from the Communist Labour Party of Turkey.
1985


A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS ''Titanic''.
1983


Cold War: Korean Air Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed, including United States Congressman Lawrence McDonald.
1982


Canada adopts a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as part of its Constitution.
The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
1981


A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
1980


Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope ends in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
1979


The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.
1974


The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
1972


In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
1970


Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerillas, who attacked his motorcade.
1969


A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power, which was later transferred to the People's Committees.
1964


Indian Oil Corporation formed after merging Indian Oil Refineries and Indian Oil Company.
1962


Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
1961


The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
1951


The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
1939


World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war in Europe. (See Invasion of Poland.)
George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date.
Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
1934


SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
1928


Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
1923


The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
1914


St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
1906


The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
1905


Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
1902


''A Trip to the Moon'', considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
1897


The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
1894


Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people.
1875


A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
1873


Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
1870


Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
1864


American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege by General Sherman.
1862


American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly - Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
1859


A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
1836


Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
1807


Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason.
1804


Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
1772


Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
1763


Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow
1752


The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
1715


King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years-the longest of any major European monarch.
1644


Battle of Tippermuir, Montrose defeats Elcho's Covenanters, reviving Royalist cause.
1532


Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marchioness of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.
1355


Tvrtko I writes ''in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum'' from old town Visoki.
462


Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.