Today In History - Friday, January 30th

2003


Belgium becomes the second country in the world to legally recognise same-sex marriage.
2000


Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
1996


Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefits.
Comet Hyakutake is discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.
1995


Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
1994


Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.
1989


The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
1982


Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
1979


Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.
1976


George H. W. Bush becomes the 11th director of the CIA.
1972


Bloody Sunday: British Paratroopers kill fourteen unarmed civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland.
Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1969


The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
1968


Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins when Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks in South Vietnam.
1964


Ranger program: Ranger 6 is launched.
1962


Two of the high-wire Flying Wallendas are killed when their seven-person pyramid collapses during a performance in Detroit, Michigan.
1960


The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
1956


American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1948


Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
1945


World War II: The ''Wilhelm Gustloff'', overfilled with refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest known maritime disaster, with 9,000 deaths.
World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers and Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the Cabanatuan POW camp.
World War II: Hitler gives his last ever public address, a radio address on the 12th anniversary of his coming to power.
1944


World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
1943


CA-29 is sunk and a U.S. destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
1933


Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1930


The world's second radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
1925


The Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
1913


The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
1911


The destroyer DD-25 makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.
The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
1889


Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1862


The first American ironclad warship, the Monitor is launched.
1858


The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of the Hallé Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
1847


Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
1841


A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1835


In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen.
1826


The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
1820


Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula and claims the discovery of Antarctica.
1806


The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
1790


The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
1661


Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
1649


King Charles I of England is beheaded.
1648


Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.