Today In History - Wednesday, September 17th

2007


AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York, New York.
2004


Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
2003


Ohio re-ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1993


Last Russian troops leave Poland.
1992


An Iranian Kurdish leader and his two joiners are assassinated by political militants in Berlin, Germany.
1991


North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
1983


Vanessa Williams becomes the first black Miss America.
1980


After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established.
Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.
1978


The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.
1976


The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, is unveiled by NASA.
1970


Fighting breaks out along the Syria-Jordanian border between Jordanian troops and the fedayeen.
1957


The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
1956


Television is first broadcast in Australia.
1949


The Canadian steamship SS Noronic burns in Toronto Harbor with the loss of over 118 lives.
1948


The Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the UN to mediate between the Arabs and Jews.
1947


James V. Forrestal is sworn in as the first Secretary of Defense of United States.
1944


World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.
1943


World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
1941


World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued
1939


World War II: The Soviet Union joins Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.
World War II: A German U-boat ''U 29'' sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS ''Courageous''.
Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
1928


The Okeechobee Hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing upwards of 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
1924


The Border Defence Corps is established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
1920


The National Football League is organized in Canton, Ohio, United States.
1919


Massacre of Turkic peoples in the village of Hakmehmet, in Igdir Province, Turkey, by Armenians.
1916


World War I: Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1914


Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1908


The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes killing Selfridge. He becomes the first airplane fatality.
1900


Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
1894


The Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
1862


American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee's Confederate army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history.
American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
1859


Joshua A. Norton declares himself Emperor Norton I of the United States.
1814


Francis Scott Key finishes his poem The Star-Spangled Banner.
1809


Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1787


The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1778


The Treaty of Fort Pitt is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware Indians).
1776


The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
1683


Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of bacteria.
1631


Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years War.
1630


The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1577


The Peace of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
1462


The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
1176


The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought.