Today In History - Tuesday, October 6th


Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.

The French oil tanker Limburg is bombed off Yemen.
Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá is canonized.

Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević resigns.
Argentine vice president Carlos Álvarez resigns.

51 Pegasi is discovered to be the second major star apart from the Sun to have a planet orbiting around it.

Michael Jordan retires from Basketball for the first time.

Fiji becomes a republic.

PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm suburb of London.

President of Egypt, Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated.
Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat is murdered by Islamic extremists.

Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.

In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.

Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, after two bombs, placed on board by terrorists with connections to the CIA, exploded. All 73 people on board are killed.
New Premier Hua Guofeng orders the arrest of the Gang of Four and associates and ends the Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China.
Massacre of students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand, to protest the return of ex-dictator Thanom, by a coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces, triggering the return of the military to government.

Egypt and Syria launch a coordinated attack against Israel to reclaim land lost in the Six Day War. The Yom Kippur War starts at 2:05 pm that day.
Egypt launches a coordinated attack with Syria against Israel leading to the Yom Kippur War.

LSD is declared illegal in the United States.

A United Airlines DC-4 crashes in Medicine Bow Peak, Wyoming, killing 66 people

Baseball: Billy Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series.

World War II: The October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.

World War II: The last Polish army is defeated.
World War II: Germany's invasion of Poland ends with the surrender of Polesia army after the Battle of Kock

Chiang Kai-Shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.

Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent talking movie.

The great powers of World War I withdraw from Istanbul.

The great powers of World War I withdraw from Istanbul

International PEN is founded in London.

Eleftherios Venizelos is elected Prime Minister of Greece for the first time (seven times in total).

Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina, sparking a crisis.

The Majlis of Iran convene for the first time.

The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.

Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.

Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
By the end of the 1880s, the introduction of lengths of celluloid photographic film and the invention of motion picture cameras, which could photograph an indefinitely long rapid sequence of images using only one lens, allowed several minutes of action to be captured and stored on a single compact reel of film. Some early films were made to be viewed by one person at a time through a "peep show" device such as the Kinetoscope. Others were intended for a projector, mechanically similar to the camera and sometimes actually the same machine, which was used to shine an intense light through the processed and printed film and into a projection lens so that these "moving pictures" could be shown tremendously enlarged on a screen for viewing by an entire audience. The first public exhibition of projected motion pictures in America was at Koster and Bial's Music Hall in New York City on the 23rd of April 1896.

The earliest films were simply one static shot that showed an event or action with no editing or other cinematic techniques. Around the turn of the 20th century, films started stringing several scenes together to tell a story. The scenes were later broken up into multiple shots photographed from different distances and angles. Other techniques such as camera movement were developed as effective ways to tell a story with film. Until sound film became commercially practical in the late 1920s, motion pictures were a purely visual art, but these innovative silent films had gained a hold on the public imagination. Rather than leave audiences with only the noise of the projector as an accompaniment, theater owners hired a pianist or organist or, in large urban theaters, a full orchestra to play music that fit the mood of the film at any given moment. By the early 1920s, most films came with a prepared list of sheet music to be used for this purpose, and complete film scores were composed for major productions.

The Naval War College of the United States Navy is founded in Newport, Rhode Island.

The American Library Association was founded.

The Reno brothers carry out the first train robbery in U.S. history.

In England the Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead starts shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.

The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.

French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October

American Revolutionary War: General Sir Henry Clinton leads British forces in the capture of Continental Army Hudson River defenses in the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery.

Seven Years' War: conclusion of the Battle of Manila between Britain and Spain, which resulted in the British occupation of Manila for the rest of the war.

Benjamin Franklin arrives in Philadelphia at the age of 17.

German immigrant families found Germantown in the colony of Pennsylvania, marking the first major immigration of German people to America.

Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, receives its première performance in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period

Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.

Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his army enter the Apalachee capital of Anhaica (present-day Tallahassee, Florida) by force.

Byzantine Empress Eudoxia has her seventh and last pregnancy which ends in a miscarriage. She is left bleeding and dies of an infection shortly after.

Rebels kill and decapitate the Xin dynasty emperor Wang Mang two days after the capital Chang'an is sacked during a peasant rebellion.
68 BC

Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
69 BC

Battle of Tigranocerta: Forces of the Roman Republic led by Lucullus defeat the army of the Kingdom of Armenia led by King Tigranes the Great.
105 BC

Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.