Today In History - Sunday, October 26th

2005


The Chicago White Sox won the World Series defeating the Houston Astros 1-0. Jermaine Dye was named MVP of the series.
2003


The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.
2002


Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen terrorists and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the terrorists during a musical performance three days before.
2001


The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
2000


Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï. Bret Hart retires.
1999


Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.
1995


Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
1994


Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty
1992


The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum.
The London Ambulance Service was thrown into chaos after the implementation of a new CAD, or Computer Aided Despatch, system which failed.
1984


"Baby Fae" receives a heart transplant from a baboon.
1979


Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
1978


Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
1977


The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
1967


Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran and then crowns his wife Farah Empress of Iran.
1965


The Beatles are appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBEs).
1964


Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
1959


The world sees the far side of the Moon for the first time.
1958


Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
1955


After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality.
Ngô Đình Diệm declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
1954


Trieste return to Italy.
1951


Boxer Joe Louis comes out of retirement to fight Rocky Marciano. However, Marciano would win the fight in eight rounds.
1948


Killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
1947


The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
1944


World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends.
1943


World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
1942


World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, ''Hornet'', was sunk and another aircraft carrier, ''Enterprise'', is heavily damaged.
1940


The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
1936


The first electric generator at Hoover Dam went into full operation.
1918


Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
1917


World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany.
1912


First Balkan War: The capital city of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day, Serbian troops captured Skopje.
1905


Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
1881


The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
1863


The Football Association is formed.
1861


The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
1860


Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
1859


The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
1825


The Erie Canal opens - passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
1795


The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
1776


Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
1775


King George III went before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution.
1774


The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1689


General Piccolomini of Austria burned down Skopje to prevent the spread of cholera. He died of cholera himself soon after.
1640


The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
740


An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and many deaths.
306


Martyrdom of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki