Today In History - Wednesday, October 1st
Most of the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 came into force in the United Kingdom.
Bombing kills 19 people in Bali.
Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record.
IRB Rugby World Cup 1999, starts in the newly built Millenium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales. The opening match was Wales v Argentina
Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).
New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
Denmark: World's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership"
The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
Pelé plays his final game by playing the first half with the Cosmos and the second half with the Santos.
The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
''Apostasia of 1965'', a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou.
General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
Japanese ''Shinkansen'' ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Baseball: Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees engage in an epic battle to break Babe Ruth's single season home run record of 60 in 1927. Maris ends up hitting his 61st against the Boston Red Sox, passing Ruth
John F. Kennedy's Presidential Commission on the Status of Women issues its final report, ''American Woman'' (the Peterson Report)
Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
NASA created to replace NACA.
First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
USS ''Grouper'' torpedoes ''Lisbon Maru'' not knowing she was carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".
The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture.
Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the ''Los Angeles Times'' building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21.
Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name ''k.u.k. Exportakademie''.
First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Band.
First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
Austria issues the world's first postcards.
The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
The ''News of the World'' tabloid began publication in London.
South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; it will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
Belgium is conquered by France.
First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.