Today In History - Saturday, November 1st

2005


First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation by members of the Liberal Party of Canada, is released in Canada.
1993


The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
1991


Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics graduate student Gang Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
1982


Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
1981


Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
1973


Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
The Indian state of Mysore was renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu .
1970


A fire at a dance hall in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 144 young people.
1968


The Motion Picture Association of America's film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X.
1963


The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
1961


50,000 women in 60 cities participate in the inaugural Women Strike for Peace (WSP) against nuclear proliferation.
1960


While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
1957


The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas.
1956


Formation of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh with its capital as Hyderabad, formerly known as Nizam state.
Formation of Kerala state in India.
1955


The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs near Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and five crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner.
1954


The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
1952


Operation Ivy - The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" "M" for megaton, in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
1951


Operation Buster-Jangle: 6,500 American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation was not voluntary.
1950


Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican.
Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
1948


Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
1946


The New York Knicks played against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks would win 68-66.
1945


The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name ''Chongro''. Australia joins the United Nations.
1944


World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
1943


World War II: Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
1942


Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on November 4.
1941


American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
1939


The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
1938


Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing.
1937


Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).
1928


The ''Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet'', replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used, comes into force in Turkey.
1922


The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
1920


American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
1918


Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 deaths.
Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
1916


Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
1915


Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
1914


World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific.
1911


The first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War.
1901


Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
1896


A picture showing the unclad (bare) breasts of a woman appears in ''National Geographic'' magazine for the first time.
1894


Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
1886


Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
1884


The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
1876


New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
1870


In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
1861


American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
1859


The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
1848


In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
1814


Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
1805


Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.
1802


Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
1800


US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
1790


Edmund Burke publishes ''Reflections on the Revolution in France'', in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
1765


The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
1755


Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty thousand and ninety thousand people.
1683


The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
1612


(22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
1611


William Shakespeare's romantic comedy ''The Tempest'' is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1604


William Shakespeare's tragedy ''Othello'' is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1520


The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage.
1512


The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
1348


The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro on the pretext that they are serfs of the King of Valencia and thus "royalists".
1179


Phillip II is crowned King of France.
996


Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name ''Ostarrîchi'' (Austria in Old High German).