Today In History - Friday, August 1st

2007


The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses during the evening rush hour.
2004


A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay.
2001


An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.
Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.
1996


Michael Johnson breaks the 200m world record by 0.30 seconds with a time of 19.32 seconds at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia.
1993


1988


Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show.
1981


MTV begins broadcasting in the United States and airs its first video, "Video Killed The Radio Star" by the Buggles.
1980


Buttevant Rail Disaster kills 18 and injures dozens of train passengers in Ireland.
1977


Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles
1975


CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
1968


The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.
1967


Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1966


Charles Whitman kills 15 people at The University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police.
Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People's Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
1965


Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands announces her engagement to Claus von Amsberg.
1964


The Belgian Congo is renamed the Republic of the Congo.
1960


Dahomey (later renamed Benin) declares independence from France.
Communist Party of Independence and Work is banned in Senegal.
Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
1957


The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
1948


The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
1944


Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary.
Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland.
1941


The first Jeep is produced.
1937


Tito reads the resolution "Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH" to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.
1936


Olympic Games: Summer Olympic Games - The Games of the XI Olympiad open in Berlin.
1927


The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.
1914


Germany declares war on Russia at the opening of World War I. The Swiss Army mobilises because of World War I
1907


First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island.
1902


The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France.
1894


The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.
1876


Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
1855


First ascent of Dufourspitze (Monte Rosa), the second highest summit in the Alps.
1842


Lombard Street Riot erupts
1840


Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated.
1838


Non-labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated.
1834


Slavery is abolished in the British Empire as the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into force.
1832


The Black Hawk War ends.
1831


A new London Bridge opens.
1828


Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.
1820


London's Regent's Canal opens.
1800


The Act of Union 1800 is passed in which merges the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1798


French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) - Battle begins when a British fleet engages the French Revolutionary Navy fleet in an unusual night action.
1774


The element oxygen is discovered for the third (and last) time.
1664


The Ottoman Empire is defeated in the Battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár.
1619


First African slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia.
1498


Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit Venezuela.
1492


Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile drive the Jews out of Spain.
1461


Edward IV is crowned king of England.
1291


The Swiss Confederation is formed with the signature of the Federal Charter.
1203


Isaac II Angelus, restored Eastern Roman Emperor, declares his son Alexius IV Angelus co-emperor after pressure from the forces of the Ciaran Fourth Crusade.
902


Taormina, the last Byzantine stronghold in Sicily, is captured by the Aghlabid army.
607


Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).
527


Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
30


Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.