Today In History - Tuesday, March 3rd

2009


The Sri Lankan cricket team is attacked by terrorists while on their way to the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore for a Test match against Pakistan.
The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.
2005


Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.
2004


Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agree to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that forms InBev, the world's largest brewer.
2002


Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
1997


The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
1992


The nation of Bosnia is established.
1991


An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
In two concurring referendums: 74 % of the population of Latvia votes for independence from the Soviet Union, in Estonia - 83 %.
United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.
1985


Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
1980


The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken.
1976


5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
1974


Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.
1972


Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.
1971


Beginning of Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and India's official entry to the Bangladesh Liberation War in support of Mukti Bahini.
1969


Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
1961


Hassan II becomes King of Morocco.
1958


Nuri as-Said becomes the prime minister of Iraq for the 14th time.
1953


A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan killing 11.
1945


World War II: American and Filipino troops take Manila in the Philippines.
1944


The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
1943


World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
1942


World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia killing more than 100 people.
1940


Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper ''Norrskensflamman'' in Luleå, Sweden.
1939


In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest at the autocratic rule in India.
1938


Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
1931


The United States officially adopts ''The Star-Spangled Banner'' as its national anthem.
1924


The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
The Free State of Fiume is annexed by Kingdom of Italy.
1923


''TIME'' magazine is published for the first time.
1918


Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
1915


NACA, the predecessor of NASA, is founded.
1913


Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Ticha, now known as PFC "Cherno More".
1910


Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote full time to being a philanthropist.
1905


Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma.
1904


Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1891


The Penalty Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
1885


The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
1879


The United States Geological Survey is created.
1878


Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
1877


Rutherford B. Hayes is privately inaugurated as the 19th President of the United States (his public inauguration coming on March 5).
1875


Georges Bizet's opera ''Carmen'' receives its première at the Opéra Comique of Paris.
The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in ''The Montreal Gazette''.
1873


Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
1865


The U.S. Congress authorizes the formation of the Freedmen's Bureau.
Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
1861


Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
1857


Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
1849


The United States Department of the Interior is established.
The U.S. Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.
1845


Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
For the first time the U.S. Congress passes legislation overriding a presidential veto.
1820


The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
1803


Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
1585


The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
1575


Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1284


The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England