Today In History - Sunday, November 23rd

2007


MS ''Explorer'', a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.
2005


Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
2003


Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
2001


Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
1998


Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
1996


Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.
The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
1993


Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
1990


The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
1985


Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.
1981


Iran-Contra Affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1980


A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people.
1979


In Dublin, Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
1976


Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
1971


The representatives of the People's Republic of China first attended the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, as China's representatives (See China and the United Nations).
1963


The BBC broadcast the first ever episode of Doctor Who staring William Hartnell which would become Britain's longest Science-Fiction Drama to date.
1959


General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals."
1955


The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.
1946


The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
1943


World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
1940


World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers.
1936


The first edition of ''Life'' is published.
1934


An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
1914


Mexican Revolution: The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
1903


Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1890


King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become his heir.
General elections in Italy.
1889


The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
1876


Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1869


In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper ''Cutty Sark'' is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1867


The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
1863


American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins - Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee and counter-attack Confederate troops.
1844


Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
1654


French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.
1644


''Areopagitica'', a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.
1531


The Second war of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland.
1499


Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1248


Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
1227


Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.
800


Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.