Today In History - Wednesday, October 1st

2007


Most of the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 came into force in the United Kingdom.
2005


Bombing kills 19 people in Bali.
2004


Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record.
1999


IRB Rugby World Cup 1999, starts in the newly built Millenium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales. The opening match was Wales v Argentina
1998


Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
1994


Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).
1991


New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
1989


Denmark: World's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership"
1987


The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
1985


The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
1982


Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
1979


The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
1978


Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
1977


Pelé plays his final game by playing the first half with the Cosmos and the second half with the Santos.
1975


The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
1971


Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
1969


The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
1968


The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
1966


West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
1965


''Apostasia of 1965'', a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou.
General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
1964


The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
Japanese ''Shinkansen'' ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
1962


First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
1961


East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Baseball: Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees engage in an epic battle to break Babe Ruth's single season home run record of 60 in 1927. Maris ends up hitting his 61st against the Boston Red Sox, passing Ruth
John F. Kennedy's Presidential Commission on the Status of Women issues its final report, ''American Woman'' (the Peterson Report)
1960


Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1958


1957


First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
1949


The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
1947


The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
1946


Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
1943


World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
1942


USS ''Grouper'' torpedoes ''Lisbon Maru'' not knowing she was carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".
1940


The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
1939


After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
1938


Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
1937


The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture.
1936


Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
1931


The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
1928


The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
1926


An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
1920


Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
1918


World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
1910


Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the ''Los Angeles Times'' building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21.
1908


Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
1905


František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
1903


Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
1898


Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name ''k.u.k. Exportakademie''.
1894


First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
1891


In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
1890


The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
1887


Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
1880


John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Band.
First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
1869


Austria issues the world's first postcards.
1854


The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
1847


German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
1843


The ''News of the World'' tabloid began publication in London.
1829


South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; it will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
1827


The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
1814


Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
1811


The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
1800


Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1795


Belgium is conquered by France.
1791


First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
1787


Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
1189


Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
959


Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
911


During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
331 BC


Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.