Today In History - Wednesday, September 17th
AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York, New York.
Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
Ohio re-ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Last Russian troops leave Poland.
An Iranian Kurdish leader and his two joiners are assassinated by political militants in Berlin, Germany.
North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
Vanessa Williams becomes the first black Miss America.
After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established.
Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.
The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.
The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, is unveiled by NASA.
Fighting breaks out along the Syria-Jordanian border between Jordanian troops and the fedayeen.
The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
Television is first broadcast in Australia.
The Canadian steamship SS Noronic burns in Toronto Harbor with the loss of over 118 lives.
The Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the UN to mediate between the Arabs and Jews.
James V. Forrestal is sworn in as the first Secretary of Defense of United States.
World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.
World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued
World War II: The Soviet Union joins Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.
World War II: A German U-boat ''U 29'' sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS ''Courageous''.
Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
The Okeechobee Hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing upwards of 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
The Border Defence Corps is established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
The National Football League is organized in Canton, Ohio, United States.
Massacre of Turkic peoples in the village of Hakmehmet, in Igdir Province, Turkey, by Armenians.
World War I: Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes killing Selfridge. He becomes the first airplane fatality.
Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
The Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee's Confederate army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history.
American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
Joshua A. Norton declares himself Emperor Norton I of the United States.
Francis Scott Key finishes his poem The Star-Spangled Banner.
Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Treaty of Fort Pitt is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware Indians).
The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of bacteria.
Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years War.
The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
The Peace of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought.