Today In History - Friday, December 19th

2001


A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots - Riots erupt in Buenos Aires after Domingo Cavallo's ''corralito'' measures restrict the withdrawal of cash from bank deposits.
2000


The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
1998


Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
1997


SilkAir Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104.
''Titanic'' (starring Leonardo Dicaprio and Kate Winslet) is released in theaters. This movie would become the most financially successful movie in history, grossing approximately $600 million domestically and $1.8 billion worldwide.
1995


The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe.
1994


Rolls-Royce announces its future cars will feature V12 engine which will be produced by BMW.
1986


Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev releases Andrei Sakharov and his wife from internal exile in Gorky.
1984


The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People's Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
1983


The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro.
1981


Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
1975


John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of The United States Supreme Court.
1972


Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, ''Apollo 17'', crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
1967


Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
1961


India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
1946


Start of the First Indochina War.
1941


World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.
1932


BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service
1924


The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
1920


King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
1916


World War I: Battle of Verdun - On the Western Front, the French Army successfully holds off the German Army and drives it back to its starting position.
1912


William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship ''General Slocum'' which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison.
1907


A group of 239 coal miners die during a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
1835


The first issue of ''The Blade'' newspaper is published in Toledo, Ohio.
1828


Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the ''South Carolina Exposition and Protest'', protesting the Tariff of 1828.
1777


American Revolutionary War: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
1776


Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in the Pennsylvania Journal titled The American Crisis.
1606


The ''Susan Constant'', the ''Godspeed'', and the ''Discovery'' depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
1490


Anne of Brittany is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy.
1154


Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
324


Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.