Today In History - Wednesday, September 28th


Somali and African Union forces launch a coordinated assault on the Somali port city of Kismayo to take back the city from al-Shabaab militants.
A Dornier Do 228 light aircraft crashes on the outskirts of the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, killing 19 people.

The military junta leading Guinea, headed by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, raped, killed, and wounded protesters during a protest rally in a stadium called Stade du 28 Septembre.

SpaceX launches the first private spacecraft, the Falcon 1 into orbit.

Suvarnabhumi Airport opens in Amphoe Bang Phli, Samut Prakan Province from Don Mueang International Airport after the older airport ceased international commercial flights.

Al-Aqsa Intifada: Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Al-Aqsa Intifada: Ariel Sharon visits Al-Aqsa Mosque known to Jews as the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

Former president of Afghanistan Mohammad Najibullah is tortured and brutally murdered by the Taliban.

Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat sign the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

The cruise ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.

The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people are taken hostage, takes place in London.

The ITT Building in New York City is bombed in protest at ITT's alleged involvement in the September 11, 1973 coup d'état in Chile.

Canada defeats the USSR in the eighth and final game of the ice hockey Summit Series.

UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 banning the medicinal use of cannabis.

Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser dies of a heart attack in Cairo. Anwar Sadat is named as Nasser's temporary successor, and will later become the permanent successor.

The Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.

A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.

Mali and Senegal join the United Nations.

France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.

CBS makes the first color televisions available for sale to the general public, but the product is discontinued less than a month later.

Indonesia joins the United Nations.

Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.

Major League Baseball: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox finishes the season with a batting average of .406. He is the latest major league player to have a batting average of .400 or better.
The Drama Uprising against the Bulgarian occupation in northern Greece begins.

Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.

The U.K. Parliament passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
"When I woke up just after dawn on September 28, 1928, I certainly didn't plan to revolutionise all medicine by discovering the world's first antibiotic, or bacteria killer," Fleming would later say, "But I suppose that was exactly what I did.”

By 1927, Fleming had been investigating the properties of staphylococci. He was already well-known from his earlier work, and had developed a reputation as a brilliant researcher, but his laboratory was often untidy. On 3 September 1928, Fleming returned to his laboratory having spent August on holiday with his family. Before leaving, he had stacked all his cultures of staphylococci on a bench in a corner of his laboratory. On returning, Fleming noticed that one culture was contaminated with a fungus, and that the colonies of staphylococci immediately surrounding the fungus had been destroyed, whereas other staphylococci colonies farther away were normal, famously remarking "That's funny". Fleming showed the contaminated culture to his former assistant Merlin Price, who reminded him, "That's how you discovered lysozyme.” Fleming grew the mould in a pure culture and found that it produced a substance that killed a number of disease-causing bacteria. He identified the mould as being from the Penicillium genus, and, after some months of calling it "mould juice", named the substance it released penicillin on 7 March 1929. The laboratory in which Fleming discovered and tested penicillin is preserved as the Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum in St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington.

First round-the-world flight completed.

Race riots begin in Omaha, Nebraska, US.

World War I: The Fifth Battle of Ypres begins.

The Ulster Covenant is signed by half a million Ulster Protestants in opposition to the Third Irish Home Rule Bill.
Corporal Frank S. Scott of the United States Army becomes the first enlisted man to die in an airplane crash. He and pilot Lt. Lewis C. Rockwell are killed in the crash of an Army Wright Model B at College Park, Maryland.

Bhagat Singh one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian independence movement was born in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Lyallpur district of Punjab.

Philippine-American War: Filipino guerrillas kill more than forty American soldiers while losing 28 of their own, in a surprise attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar Island.

The first night game for American football takes place in a contest between Wyoming Seminary and Mansfield State Normal.

Club Atletico Peñarol is founded under the name of Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club

The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.

Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.

Brazilian Parliament passes the Law of the Free Womb, granting freedom to all new children born to slaves, the first major step in the eradication of slavery in Brazil.

Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.

Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
The United States takes control of Midway Island.

Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.

France becomes the first country to emancipate its Jewish population.

The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.

American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.

American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.

Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.

Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California, United States.

Ottoman-Venetian War: The Ottoman Navy scores a decisive victory over a Holy League fleet in the Battle of Preveza.

Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.

Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.

Muslim Valencia surrenders to the besieging King James I of Aragon the Conqueror.

The Battle of Tinchebray - Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.

William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
William the Bastard (also known as William the Conqueror) invades England beginning the Norman conquest of England.

Members of Slavník's dynasty - Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav are murdered by Boleslaus's son, Boleslaus II the Pious.

Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia.

Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.

Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.

Pope Pontian resigns. He and Hippolytus, church leader of Rome, are exiled to the mines of Sardinia.

Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
48 BC

Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.