Today In History - Monday, May 25th

2013


Suspected Maoist rebels kill at least 28 people and injure 32 others in an attack on a convoy of Indian National Congress politicians in Chhattisgarh, India.
2012


The Dragon spacecraft became the first commercial spacecraft to successfully rendezvous with the International Space Station.
2011


Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty-five-year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show.
2009


North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests building tensions in the international community.
2008


NASA's Phoenix lander lands in Green Valley region of Mars to search for environments suitable for water and microbial life.
2007


The Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire for the second time.
2003


Néstor Kirchner becomes President of Argentina after defeating Carlos Menem. He is the first elected President since the economic crisis.
2002


China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people.
A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique kills 197 people.
2001


Erik Weihenmayer, 32 years old, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
2000


Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from most of the Lebanese territory after 22 years of its first invasion in 1978.
1999


The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report which details the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades.
1997


A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
1995


The Bosnian Serb Army kills 72 young people in the Bosnian city of Tuzla.
1986


Hands Across America takes place.
1985


Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
1982


HMS Coventry is sunk during the Falklands War.
1981


In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
1979


American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing all 271 on board and two people on the ground.
Etan Patz, who is six years old, disappears from the street just two blocks away from his home in New York City, prompting an international search for the child, and causing the U.S. President Ronald Reagan to designate May 25 as National Missing Children's Day (in 1983).
1977


Star Wars (retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981) is released in theaters, It rapidly becomes a cult classic and is the start of a now seven movie franchise.
George Willig climbs the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
Chinese government removes a decade old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution started in 1966.
1973


HNS Velos (D-16), while participating in a NATO exercise and in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, anchored at Fiumicino, Italy, refusing to return to Greece.
1968


Gateway Arch Saint Louis Gateway Arch is dedicated.
1967


The Celtic Football Club becomes the first British, Scottish and Northern European football club to win the European Cup
Celtic F.C. from Glasgow, Scotland, becomes the first ever Northern European team to win the European Cup; with previous winners being from Spain, Italy and Portugal.
1966


Explorer program: Explorer 32 launches.
The first prominent dàzìbào during the Cultural Revolution in China is posted at Peking University.
1963


In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.
1962


The Old Bay Line, the last overnight steamboat service in the United States, goes out of business.
1961


Apollo program: U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the moon" before the end of the decade.
King Hussein of Jordan marries Princess Muna al-Hussein (Antoinette Gardiner).
The Bukit Ho Swee Fire, the biggest fire in Singapore history.
1955


In the United States, a night-time F5 tornado strikes the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It is the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in the U.S.
First ascent of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third-highest mountain in the world, by a British expedition led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day.
1953


Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conduct their first and only nuclear artillery test.
The first public television station in the United States officially begins broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston.
1950


Public Transport: Green Hornet disaster. A Chicago Surface Lines streetcar crashes into a fuel truck, killing 33.
1946


The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their Emir.
1940


World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk begins.
World War II: The German 2nd Panzer Division captures the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer; the surrender of the last French and British troops marks the end of the Battle of Boulogne.
1938


Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
1936


The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins.
1935


Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
1926


Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of Ukrainian People's Republic.
1925


Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
1914


The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes the Home Rule Act for devolution in Ireland.
1895


Playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison.
The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as its president.
1878


Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opens at the Opera Comique in London.
1865


In Mobile, Alabama, 300 are killed when an ordnance depot explodes.
1837


The Rebels of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
1833


The Chilean Constitution of 1833 is promulgated.
1819


The Argentine Constitution of 1819 is promulgated.
1810


May Revolution: citizens of Buenos Aires expel Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros during the May week, starting the Argentine War of Independence.
1809


Chuquisaca Revolution: a group of patriots in Chuquisaca (modern day Sucre) revolt against the Spanish Empire, starting the South American Wars of Independence.
1798


United Irishmen Rebellion: The Carnew massacre, Dunlavin massacre and Carlow massacre take place.
1787


The Constitutional Convention (also known as the Philadelphia Convention, the Federal Convention, or the Grand Convention at Philadelphia) took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain. Although the Convention was intended to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention from the outset of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one. The delegates elected George Washington to preside over the Convention. The result of the Convention was the creation of the United States Constitution, placing the Convention among the most significant events in the history of the United States.

The most contentious disputes revolved around the composition and election of the Senate, how "proportional representation" was to be defined (whether to include slaves or other property), whether to divide the executive power between three persons or invest the power into a single president, how to elect the president, how long his term was to be and whether he could stand for reelection, what offenses should be impeachable, the nature of a fugitive slave clause, whether to allow the abolition of the slave trade, and whether judges should be chosen by the legislature or executive. Most of the time during the Convention was spent on deciding these issues, while the powers of legislature, executive, and judiciary were not heavily disputed. Once the Convention began, the delegates first agreed on the principles of the Convention, then they agreed on Madison's Virginia Plan and began to modify it. A Committee of Detail assembled during the July 4 recess and produced a rough draft. Most of this rough draft remained in place, and can be found in the final version of the constitution. After the final issues were resolved, the Committee on Style produced the final version, and it was voted on and sent to the states.
1738


A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
1659


Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England.
1644


Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing.
1521


The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw.
1420


Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ.
1085


Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain, back from the Moors.
240 BC


First recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
567 BC


Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.