Today In History - Thursday, July 24th

2007


Libya frees all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya.
2005


Lance Armstrong wins his seventh consecutive Tour de France.
2004


Future Baseball Hall of Fame umpire Bruce Froemming ejects Boston Red Sox catcher Jason Varitek and New York Yankees third baseman Alex Rodriguez after Bronson Arroyo hits Rodriguez resulting in a bench clearing brawl initated by Varitek's punch of Rodriguez.
2002


James Traficant is expelled from the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1.
2001


Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
Bandaranaike Airport attack was carried out by 14 Tamil Tiger commandos, all died in this attack. They destroyed 11 Aircrafts (mostly military) and damaged 15, there were no civilian casualties. This incident slowed down Sri Lankan economy.
1998


Russell Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire killing two police officers. He is later ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.
1990


Iraqi forces start massing on the Kuwait-Iraq border.
1987


B. Rogers is born in an Atlanta, Georgia hospital, starting the beginning of a life long adventure.
1983


George Brett batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winning home run nullified in the "Pine Tar Incident".
1982


Heavy rain causes a mudslide that destroys a bridge at Nagasaki, Japan, killing 299.
1977


End of a four day long Libyan-Egyptian War.
1974


Watergate scandal: the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus the Greek military junta collapses and democracy is restored.
1972


Bugojno group is caught by Yugoslav security forces.
1969


Apollo program: ''Apollo 11'' splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
1967


During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: ''Vive le Québec libre!'' ("Long live free Quebec!"). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delighted many Quebecers but angered the Canadian government and many English Canadians.
1966


Michael Pelkey makes the first BASE jump from El Capitan along with Brian Schubert. Both came out with broken bones. BASE jumping has now been banned from El Cap.
1965


Vietnam War: four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are the targets of antiaircraft missiles in the first such attack against American aircraft in the war. One is shot down and the other three sustain damage.
1959


At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a "Kitchen Debate".
1956


At New York City's Copacabana Club, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis perform their last comedy show together. They began performing together on July 25, 1946.
Khartoum University College is awarded university status becoming the University of Khartoum.
1950


Cape Canaveral Air Force Station begins operations with the launch of a Bumper rocket.
1948


''Looney Tunes'' character Marvin the Martian makes his first appearance in the cartoon ''Haredevil Hare''.
1943


World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian airplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
1938


First ascent of the Eiger north face.
1937


Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called "Scottsboro Boys".
1935


The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR.
The dust bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures to 109°F (44°C) in Chicago and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1931


A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
1929


The Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, goes into effect (it is first signed in Paris on August 27, 1928 by most leading world powers).
1927


The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
1924


The World Chess Federation FIDE is founded in Paris.
1923


The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in World War I.
1915


The passenger ship ''S.S. Eastland'' capsizes in central Chicago, with the loss of 845 lives.
1911


Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu, "the Lost City of the Incas".
1901


O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
1866


Reconstruction: Tennessee becomes the first U.S. State to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
1864


American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown - Confederate General Jubal Anderson Early defeats Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.
1847


After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City. Celebrations of this event include the Pioneer Day Utah state holiday and the Days of '47 Parade.
1832


Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming's South Pass.
1823


Slavery is abolished in Chile.
1814


War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward the Niagara River to halt Jacob Brown's American invaders.
1715


A Spanish treasure fleet of 10 ships under Admiral Ubilla leaves Havana, Cuba for Spain. Seven days later, 9 of them sink in a storm off the coast of Florida. A few centuries later, treasure is salvaged from these wrecks.
1701


Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit, Michigan.
1567


Mary Queen of Scots is deposed and replaced by her 1 year old son James VI.
1534


French explorer Jacques Cartier plants a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula and takes possession of the territory in the name of the Francis I of France.
1487


Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against ban on foreign beer.
1411


Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
1148


Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
1132


Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.